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关于举办“农业生产绿色效率”讲座的通知

来源:   作者:   发布日期:2022-12-26     浏览次数:

     

一、时间地点

2023年1月12日下午16:00-18:00

Zoom会议:697 1345 8861

二、报告人简介

Assem Abu Hatab,男,博士,2007~2011年在博亚app最新官方入口博亚app最新官方入口学科攻读博士学位,师从霍学喜教授,美国布朗大学沃森国际研究所博士后,挪威生命科学大学、中国农业政策中心(CCAP)和科维努斯大学(Corvinus University)访问学者。现为瑞典农业大学(Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)经济系副教授,瑞典农业大学自然资源与农业科学学院全球开发项目和合作协会会员,政府间气候变化专门委员会会员,瑞典隆德大学中东研究中心高级研究员。研究领域主要包括发展中国家农业生产系统与粮食安全,城市扩张与发展中国家的资源利用,农产品贸易及其政策分析。 Abu曾参与撰写《第六次IPCC评估报告》,先后获得开放社会基金会的公民社会学者奖、阿拉伯社会与经济发展基金会杰出学者奖等荣誉。

三、讲座简介

Title: Is the technical efficiency green? The environmental efficiency of agricultural production in the MENA region

Abstract: There is widespread recognition of the global environmental impact of agricultural production on greenhouse gas emissions, but evidence is sparse regarding the impact in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. In this study, we treat agricultural emissions as an undesirable output from agricultural production and apply the directional distance function to measure environmentally-adjusted technical efficiency, defined as environmental efficiency in agricultural production, in six countries in the MENA region (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia) during the period 1980–2016. The results show that all six countries have clear scope to improve their environmental efficiency. Agricultural production is greener in Jordan and Israel, while environmental efficiency is currently lowest in Egypt and Morocco. Estimated relative shadow price of agricultural emissions is - 1.002, implying that the ‘cost’ of removing agricultural emissions is almost equal to the value of producing one unit of good output. These findings suggest there is a trade-off between agriculture emissions and production, which should be considered in efforts to enhance the sustainability of agricultural production in the MENA region.



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